Information for J-1 Scholars

Rules of Status for J-1 Scholars

Employment in J-1 Scholar Status

Maintaining J-1 Scholar Status


Understanding the 12 Month and 24 Month BARS

When determining whether or not a person is eligible for the J-1 Professor or Research Scholar status, a college or university must verify whether or not he or she has ever been in J-1 status before, the J-1 category (ies) he or she has been given, and the duration of the program(s) in the United States.

The 12 month bar is determined by verifying whether or not the visitor was physically present in the United States as a J-1 visa holder (in ANY J-1 category) in the twelve (12) months preceding the new proposed program start date. The question being asked is: Has this person been present in the U.S. in the previous 12 months as a J-1 visa holder?  If the answer is “yes”, the visitor is not eligible for J-1 Professor or Research Scholar status. The exceptions to the 12 month bar are transferring in J-1 status to another program, engaging in J-1 programs less than 6 months, and participating in the J-1 program as a Short-Term Scholar.

The 24 month bar should not be confused with the 2-year home residence requirement. The 24 month bar is determined by verifying whether or not the visitor has been in J-1 Professor or Research Scholar status in the United States in the last two years, or 24 months.  If the answer is “yes”, the visitor is barred from returning to the United States in J-1 Professor and Research Scholar statuses and must wait two years before entering the country in those two statuses.  Many RO/AROs refer to this as the bar on “repeat participation”.

For more information on the 12 and 24 month bars, please visit



Contact Information

If you have any questions about international education, admission, or financial aid at SUNY Plattsburgh, please contact:

Global Education Office
State University of New York at Plattsburgh
Kehoe Administration Building, Room 210
101 Broad Street
Plattsburgh, New York 12901 USA

Phone: 1-518-564-3287
Fax: 1-518-564-3292
Facebook:  SUNY Plattsburgh International Students